BORN:23 01 1793
EDUCATED AT:Charter House School, and then under a private tutor.
FATHER:William Havelock of Ingress Park, Kent, and formerly of Ford Hall, near Sunderland, Durham
William Havelock Senior, the son of William Havelock
William Havelock Senior died 24 06 1836 aged 82 years
MOTHER: Jane Carter, daughter of John Carter Esq. and Elizabeth.
Elizabeth Carter was the daughter of William Ettrick, of High Barnes, Durham, and Isabella.
Isabella Ettrick was the daughter of William Langley Esq.
William Langley was the grandson of Sir Roger Langley, Bart., of Sheriff Hutton Park, York.
SIBLINGS: [1] Thomas Havelock, died 1836, Vittoria, Spain [fever] unmarried
[2] Helen Havelock, died 1825
[3] Jane Havelock, married Captain William Creak
[4] Isabella Havelock, married John Moore Cave, died 1825
[5] Sir Henry Havelock, born 05 04 1795, died 24 11 1857, Major General
Married Hannah Shepherd Marshman, daughter of Rev. Joshua Marshman 09 02 1829
Died 24 11 1857 aged 62 years
[6] Charles Frederick Havelock, born 16 10 1803 Ingress Park, Kent, Major General
Married Mary Wemyss, daughter of James Wemyss and Caroline Charlotte Binfield 01 05 1833
Died Jun 1868 aged 64 years
OTHER RELATIONS:Paternal aunt Hannah Havelock, married Robert Allan
NOTES:William, his father and brothers, were all interested in the possibility of their descent from the legendary Havelok
the Dane of Grimsby.
COMMISSIONED: Ensign 12 07 1810
APPOINTED: Ensign 43rd Light Infantry 17 07 1810 vice Freer
Lieutenant 43rd Foot 16 05 1812 vice Harvest, killed in action
Captain 32nd Foot 19 02 1818
Captain 4LD 19 07 1821 vice Spedding who exchanges
Major 4LD 31 12 1830 by purchase vice Brown who retires
Lieutenant Colonel 14th Light Dragoons 30 04 1841 without purchase
EXCHANGED: From 43rd Foot to 32nd Foot on 19 02 1818
From 32nd Foot to 4LD on 19 07 1821
From 4LD to 14th Light Dragoons on 30 04 1841
TROOP NO: April 1822: Troop 8
December 1822: Troop 8, ADC to His Excellency Sir Charles Colville
December 1823: Troop 8, ADC to His Excellency Sir C. Colville
December 1825: Troop 8, Commanding a R___ of Irregular Horse
December 1826: Troop 8
March 1828: Troop 8
1831: Troop 1
EMBARKATIONS: 31 12 1821 Duke of York England
05 10 1828 Lady Raffles Bombay: Mrs. Havelock, Miss Caroline and Master William Havelock for London via St Helena
02 01 1830 Duchess of Atholl Northfleet England with his wife
31 01 1836 Lady Raffles Bombay India to the Cape, South Africa, to restore his health
01 01 1843 Steamer Cleopatra Bombay to Suez: Mrs. Havelock and three children
DISEMBARKATIONS: 17 05 1822 Duke of York Bombay India
20 04 1830 Duchess of Atholl Bombay India with his wife
CAMPAIGNS:Engaged in the Peninsula from July 1810 until the end of that war in 1814.
Engaged in the battles of Busaco, Sabugal, Salamanca and Vittoria, the passage of the Bidassoa, the battle of the Nivelle, the affair near Bayonne, and the battles of Orthès and Toulouse.
Served in the campaign of 1815, and was wounded at Waterloo.
Served at Corfu.
OTHER DUTIES:At the age of 15 years carried the colours of his regiment [43rd Foot] in the action of Coa.
Aide-de-Camp to Baron Alten at Waterloo
Aide-de-Camp to Sir Charles Colville, Commander-in-Chief, Bombay Presidency, 1823, 1824
Passed examinations in Hindustani and Persian
Commanded a Corps of irregular horse, Kutch, India 1827
Staff Employ, Military Secretary to Lord Elphinstone, Madras, 1841
Persian Interpreter [1846]
COURT MARTIALS:Head-Quarters, Camp Simla, 6th May, 1828.
At a General Court-Martial held at Surat on the 7th December, 1827, and continued by successive adjournments to the 11th February, 1828, Captain W. Havelock, of His Majesty's 4th Light Dragoons, was arraigned on the following charges:-
Charges: Captain W. Havelock, of His Majesty's 4th Light Dragoons, placed in arrest by the officer commanding the Kutch subsidized force, and brought to trial on the following charges preferred against him by order of His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief.
First, For highly irregular and unofficerlike conduct, in having, after having transmitted to the officer commanding the Kutch subsidized force, on the 16th Sept. 1827, charges against Lieutenant-Colonel C.W. Elwood, of the 3d N[ative] I[nfantry] accompanied with an official report, demanded a private explanation from Lieutenant G. R. King, and Lieutenant G. Caudy, both of the 3d Regiment, of their conduct, as connected with a circumstance stated in the said charges relative to the circulation of a note injurious to the character of the said Captain Havelock.
Second, For highly scandalous and disgraceful conduct, unbecoming the character of an officer and a gentleman, in the following instances:-
First instance. In having, notwithstanding the said Lieutenant G. Caudy had given and offered him every requisite explanation on the subject above referred to, without provocation, in a most violent and outrageous manner assaulted and struck him [Lieutenant Caudy] on the morning of 21st Sept. 1827.
Second. In having, on the same morning, challenged the said Lieutenant Caudy to fight a duel with him.
Third. In having falsely and malicously, in a public document dated 21st Sept. 1827, transmitted by him to the officer commanding the Kutch subsidiary force, charged the said Lieutenant Caudy with suffering himself a second time, and that publicly, to be horsewhipped, without attempting to defend himself in any manner, but submissively skulking away.
Fourth. In having, on the 14th Sept. 1827, notwithstanding he had preferred charged against Lieut.-Col. Elwood, and that officer been placed in arrest, addressed a note to the said Lieutenant Caudy, in which he thus falsely and maliciously reflected upon the character of the said Lieutenant-Colonel Elwood.- "I am under the necessity of telling you, that I have, though reluctantly, nailed the ear of the writer of it, [the note referred to in the first charge,] against the porch of the commanding officer's bungalow, where, if, as I conclude, you must be anxious to possess the precious relic, I advise you to go and look for it."
Upon which charges the Court came to the following decision:-
Finding and sentence - The Court having maturely weighed and considered what has appeared in support of the prosecution, together with what the prisoner, Captain W. Havelock, of His Majesty's 4th Light Dragoons, has brought forward in his defence, are of opinion as follows:-
That he is guilty of the first charge, with the exception of having demanded a private explanation from Lieutenant G.R. King of the 3d. N[ative] I[nfantry] of which part the Court do acquit him.
With respect to the second charge, the Court is of opinion that the prisoner is guilty of the whole of it, and the instances therein set forth; but in respect to the second instance of the said charge, the Court acquit the prisoner of highly scandalous and disgraceful conduct, unbecoming of an officer and a gentleman, in having challenged Lieutenant Caudy to fight a duel with him on the morning of the 21st Sept. 1827.
The Court having found the prisoner guilty, as above specified, do sentence him, the said Captain W. Havelock, of His Majesty's 4th Light Dragoons, to be cashiered.
Approved and confirmed, Combemrere, General, Commander-in-Chief in India.
Recommendation.- The Court having performed the above painful duty, do unanimously, most respectfully, and earnestly recommend the case of the prisoner to the favourable consideration of the approving Power, for such clemency as may be deemed proper, on account of his past meritorious services, and previous unblemished character as an officer and a gentleman.
Remarks by the Right Hon. the Commander-in-Chief.
Willing as the Commander-in-Chief in India would have been to have attended to the recommendation of the Court-martial, in favour of an officer, of Captain Havelock's previous high character, his Lordship considers, that the fact of blows having been actually given, renders it imperative on him to confirm the sentence, justly passed in conformity with the rules of the service. His Excellency will not, however, fail to bring under the gracious consideration of His Majesty, through the proper channel, the excessive and continued provocation which was endured by the prisoner, and which, though they cannot be considered as justifying, may, he hopes, be considered as palliating the gross breach of discipline and decorum which ensued.
Captain Havelock will be struck off the strength of the 4th Light Dragoons, fronm the day on which this order may be made known to him, and which will be notified to the Commander-in-Chief's Military Secretary at Head-quarters.
The foregoing order is to be entered in the General Order-book, and read at the head of every regiment in his Majesty's service in India.
By order of the Commander-in-Chief, Willoughby Cotton, Adj.-Gen. to His Majesty's forces in India.
CASHIERED:General Order 08 05 1828
PARDONED:Head quarters Calcutta, Dec. 18, 1829:
With reference to the G.O. dated camp Simla, 8th May 1828, promulgating the sentence of the General Court Martial held at Surat on Capt. Havelock, 4th Light Dragoons, his Exc. the right hon. the Commander-in-chief desires it may be notified to the Royal Forces in India, that his Majesty has been pleased to extend his gracious pardon to Capt. Havelock, and to command that he be restored to the functions of his commission in the 4th Light Dragoons. Although his Majesty has been pleased, in compliance with the unanimous recommendation, to consider Capt. Havelock a fit object for his gracious clemency, his Majesty has taken a most serious view of the very grave offences committed by that officer; and it is the King's command, that the communication of his Majesty's grace and mercy should be accompanied by the expression of his extreme disapprobation of the conduct of Capt. Havelock, and that it should be impressed upon that officer, that no services, however meritorious, no previous conduct, however good, and no character, however well established, can be an excuse for subsequent misbehaviour, and for those acts which have placed him under the weight of his Majesty's displeasure.
DIED:22 11 1848 aged 62 years, killed in action at Ramnuggur, India against the Sikhs
BURIED:Near the Imambarah at Ramnuggur, India
1ST WIFE:Caroline Elizabeth Chaplin, daughter of Major Acton [William?] Chaplin and Elizabeth Carrington Nunn
MARRIED:14 06 1824 Poona, India
1ST CHILD:Caroline Augusta Elizabeth Havelock
BORN:31 05 1825 Poona, India
BAPTISED:28 10 1825 Poona, India, by Ambrose Goode, Chaplain.
Daughter of Captain William Havelock and Caroline Elizabeth
2ND CHILD:William Henry Havelock
BORN:08 12 1826 Bhooj, India
DIED:01 11 1876 Bombay, India aged 49 years
NOTES:Married Augusta Caroline Anne Waller, daughter of Thomas Waller and Alica Anne on 08 01 1857, Belgaum, Belgium
3RD CHILD:Caroline Louisa Jane Havelock
BORN:28 07 1828 Bombay India
4TH CHILD:Acton Chaplin Havelock
BORN:29 12 1830 Kirkee, Poona, India [The Peerage has 28 05 1833 Cape Town, South Africa]
BAPTISED:14 06 1831 Kirkee, Poona, India, son of Major William Havelock and Caroline
DIED:05 09 1914 Southlands, Worthing, Sussex, England
NOTES:Married Ada Isabella Stransham, daughter of Anthony Stransham and Eliza Combe on 13 01 1877 at Bolarum, Deccan, India
5TH CHILD:Emma Paulina D. Havelock
BORN:20 05 1832 Kirkee, India
BAPTISED:22 09 1832 Kirkee, India. Daughter of Major William Havelock and Caroline Elizabeth
6TH CHILD:Arthur Elphinstone Havelock
DIED:06 02 1843 on board the steamer Oriental
7TH CHILD:Isabella Frances Ethelred or Etheldred Havelock
BORN:03 04 1834 Kirkee, Poona, India
BAPTISED:22 09 1834 Kirkee, Poona, India, daughter of Major William Havelock and Caroline Elizabeth.
DIED:18 06 1851 Ootacamund, India
8TH CHILD:Emma Elizabeth Augusta Havelock
BORN:09 06 1842
DIED:09 11 1849 Simla, India aged 7 years
9TH CHILD:Sir Arthur Elibank Havelock
BORN:07 05 1844 Bath, Somerset, England
DIED:25 06 1908 Bath, Somerset, England aged 64 years
NOTES:Married Anne Grace Norris on 15 08 1871
President of Nevis, 1877-1878
Governor of Sierra Leone 1881-1884
Governor of Trinidad 1885-1885
Governor of Natal 1886-1889
Governor of Ceylon 1890-1895
Governor of Madras Presidency 1896-1900
Governor of Tasmania 1901-1904
10TH CHILD:Caroline Ethel Havelock
11TH CHILD:Charles Carrington Havelock
BORN:1848 Ambala, India
DIED:15 06 1884 Ootacamund, India
TNA SOURCES:WO/12/635-638
LONDON GAZETTES: No 16387, 14 07 1810
No 16604, 16 05 1812
No 17733, 04 08 1821
No 18763, 31 12 1830
No 19974, 30 04 1841
No 20590, 01 04 1846
No 20954, 07 03 1849
PRESS/ALMANACKS: Caledonian Mercury Saturday 29 11 1828
Bombay Calendar 1829, 1844
The United Service Magazine 1829
Obituary: Illustrated London News Saturday 03 02 1849
Obituary: Allen's Indian Mail, Register of Intelligence for British and Foreign India, China and all parts of the East, Vol. 7, 1849
Obituary: The Gentleman's Magazine, Vol. 31 1849, by Sylvanus Urban
Emperor's Chambermaids: The story of the 14th/20th King's Hussars. by Lt. Col. L. B. Oatts, DSO, 1973
Historical Record of the Life Guards: Containing an Account of the Formation of the Corps in the Year 1660, and of its Subsequent Services to 1835 1835, by Richard Cannon
LINKS: Havelok the Dane: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/32049/32049-h/32049-h.htm
Major General Sir Henry Havelock: http://www.electricscotland.com/history/goodwords/goodwords178.htm
The Peerage: http://www.thepeerage.com

`Emperor's Chambermaids: The story of the 14th/20th King's Hussars.' Lt. Colonel L. B. Oatts, DSO, pub. 1973

Extract on William Havelock and the battle of Ramnuggur:
`...Colonel Havelock - brother of Henry Havelock - was like all his family a `death or glory' type of soldier. As a youth he had served in the Peninsular War, and had won distinction when fighting with Spanish Irregulars by whom he was nicknamed `El Chico Blanco' (the fair boy). On this occasion he had been awaiting the order to advance with so much impatience that, when it came at last, he was in an absolute frenzy and could think of nothing except the chance to `win his golden spurs', as he put it. Men such as he, who are usually of a kindly and chivalrous disposition when off the battlefield, can be most useful on occasion, provided they are kept well in hand when the smell of powder is in the air. At Ramnuggur, however, he got out of control and went off at a gallop in the direction of the largest body of enemy he could see, which was the Sikh reserve of cavalry formed up on the river  bed, covered by the guns and infantry fire of the main body on the north bank.
Behind Havelock rode the 14th Light Dragoons in column of troops, all mounted on powerful Arab horses which, like the Havelocks, have an inherited liking for going into action in this manner. The 5th Native Cavalry followed the 14th in support. Cureton, the cavalry commander who had once been a Private in the 14th, and Gough both saw that Havelock was heading for destruction. The former galloped out to try to head him off, but was shot through the head, while an aide-de-camp sent by Gough for the same purpose was unable to catch him up.
During their advance, the 14th were exposed to a continual hot fire from the enemy guns and hidden infantry, but owing to their speed suffered few casualties until they got to the top of the steep bank leading down to the river. Here they had to pull up and form line of squadrons, in obedience to the shouted orders of their officers and a confusion of trumpet blasts. The Sikh cavalry and infantry, in considerable numbers, were formed up along a sandy bank in the middle of the river-bed, behind a shallow stream. When, after the regiment had ridden down the steep bank, and the charge was sounded, it was found impossible to get up any speed, for the ground was so soft that many horses sank down up to their hocks. Nevertheless, they got to the sword-point and cut down the Sikhs, who fled back across the river in confusion. Havelock sounded the rally and re-formed, taking the 5th Native Cavalry under his command. He should certainly have withdrawn, but could not bring himself to do so while there was still unbroken enemy in front, even though these consisted of large numbers of infantry under cover, who could only be approached across ground so soft that it was practically a bog. The advance was sounded again, and followed almost immediately by the charge. A desperate engagement at the sword-point followed, during which the Sikhs slowly withdrew across the river, disputing every inch of ground. Havelock fell, and command was taken over by Major Doherty, assisted by Major King, who had arrived with the reserve squadrons of the 14th, and the regiment with the 5th Native Cavalry was then led out of action.
Like the famous Charge of the Light Brigade, the charge at Ramnuggur was a `blunder'. Both attacks were made against the wrong objectives. Both, however, were successful, and although neither had any immediate decisive effect on the operations, the shock to the enemy's morale was considerable. It is at least arguable that the spirit behind such `blunders', which are not an infrequent aspect of war, may be one of the reasons for the eventual triumph of the British armed forces in nearly all the conflicts in which they have been engaged, in spite of the odds being heavily against them. At Ramnuggur at any rate neither Gough nor Campbell stressed the fact that Havelock had attacked the wrong objective. Both of them knew that such a happening was nothing out of the ordinary, and both expressed their profound admiration for the conduct of Havelock and the 14th, which did in fact contribute not a little to the eventual overthrow of the enemy. The Sikhs were natural warriors and respected above all things an opponent who did not hesitate to come to close quarters.
At Ramnuggur the 14th lost in killed their commanding-officer, Lieut.-Colonel William Havelock, K.H., Sergeant John Harwood, a corporal and 12 private men, with 37 horses. Wounded were five officers, four sergeants and 18 private men, with 15 horses. One of the wounded officers, Captain Fitzgerald, afterwards died of his wounds. Havelock's body, when recovered later, was found cut to pieces with the bodies of nine of his men around it, who had apparently died in an attempt to save him after he had been unhorsed in the mêlée. His grey charger had been killed under him...'

4th Light Dragoons Index