CAVALRY INSPECTION 1853

4th Light Dragoons

Extracted from General Return, Cavalry Inspection for 1853
Ref. WO 27/428, The National Archives

Half Yearly Inspection made by HRH The Duke of Cambridge at Ipswich on 21 July 1853.
Report dated 4th September 1853



Ipswich Journal
Saturday 24 July 1852

Inspection of the 4th Light Dragoons:
It is perhaps very little known that Ipswich has, during the past week, been honoured by the presence of royalty. The illustrious personage to whom we allude, is HRH the Duke of Cambridge. In pursuance of HRH's late appointment of Inspector General of Cavalry stationed at the various barracks throughout the kingdom, HRH arrived at Ipswich by the train at 12.00 on Tuesday night, accompanied by his aide-de-camp, Captain Clifton, the object of the illustrious Duke being to inspect the 4th Light Dragoons. An officer was in waiting to receive HRH who in the most unostentatious manner possible, was conducted to the barracks, where the Royal Duke contented himself with the usual barrack accommodation. To show the celerity of his movements and his aptitude for the endurance of fatigue, the Duke was again stirring at half past five.
Such is the discipline, under Lieut. Colonel Lord George Paget, who was on duty, that the three troops of the Regiment were under arms, and in marching order, by half past six. Drawn upon the barrack ground the whole presented a fine spectacle, the officers and troops making the usual salute to HRH, and the band playing the National Anthem. A series of movements succeeded, which were performed with great precision, the high condition and training of the horses being most conspicuous. The troops having dismounted, several movements were next performed on foot, in the course of which no-one could fail to admire the chivalrous bearing of the whole, as in the prime of youth and manhood, with light and elastic step, they marched past and defiled in the Royal presence.
Pursuant to orders, Major Molesworth, commanding officer of Engineers for the district, and Captain McGoldrick, barrack-master, were in attendance, accompanied by these gentlemen and by Lord George Paget. HRH made a very close inspection, connected with the internal, or domestic economy of the Regiment, visiting in his progress the Hospital, and the apartments of the married and unmarried soldiers. For it is worthy of notice that in the Ipswich barracks the married soldiers occupy a wing of the buildings quite apart from the single men.
We understand that HRH expressed his high approval of what he had witnessed in the various departments, and expressed his perfect satisfaction altogether with the discipline of this fine Regiment. The Royal Duke, who is tall and commanding in person, wore a plain undress uniform. Such was the unostentatious mode of taking his departure that at a quarter to 12.00 he left the barracks accompanied by Lord George Paget and his aide-de-camp, in an omnibus for the Eastern Union Railway Station, proceeding directly by train to Norwich, to inspect the remainder of the troops quartered there.




General Observations:
The 4th Light Dragoons having been a month encamped [are now] stationed with HQ and four Troops at Canterbury and have a Squadron at Brighton. I am happy to be enabled to state that though the lesser of this Corps were standing in Camp uncovered for a considerable period they have in no [respect] suffered from the exposure. But are on the contrary in [perfect] health. In fact with the exception of a few of the Remount horses there is not [a rough] ____ [horse] in the Regiment, a most remarkable fact. At the same time the condition of the horses is excellent. They are fit for any work. The men too have in no [respect] suffered. This Regiment _____ in most excellent order and is [an] admirable [Corps.] The officers know their duty thoroughly, the [Captains] being particularly good. The men are clean and soldierlike. The horses rather small but [strong] and an excellent description of Light Dragoon horses. The Regiment drills [creditably] and well. The _____ E____y is good and the [entire] system such as to [reflect] the highest credit upon the Commanding Officer, Lt. Col. Lord George Paget, a most painstaking Cavalry Officer. He has the advantage of living [being?] well supported by all those who are under him.
George ____, Inspector General of Cavalry




Horse Guards,
October 13th 1853,
Sir,
Since my confidential report of the 4th Light Dragoons has been [transmitted] to you I have been to Brighton where I made a minute inspection of a Squadron of that Regiment Stationed there under [Captain] Low which I had not previously seen and I have been so much gratified by the general efficiency and excellent appearance of this Squadron that I think it but [due] to the officer above named, that I should specially [relate] my opinion of him and the Squadron under his command. Nothing could exceed the ______ appearance of the horses of this Squadron though they formed a fraction of the Regiment that was encamped without covering for the horses. They were a picture of health and condition. I consider Captain Low one of the best troop officers we have got in the service.
I have the honour to be Sir, your obedient humble servant,
George [KG], Inspector General of Cavalry.
The Report on the 4th.


Note: Prince George had appalling handwriting!




ETHNICITY                      SERGEANTS            CORPORALS            FARRIERS           TRUMPETERS            PRIVATES           
English 23 14 6 6 253
Scotch . . . 1 8
Irish 2 5 . . 40
Foreigners . . . . 1
Totals 25 19 6 7 302


YEARS SERVED                     SERGEANTS           CORPORALS          FARRIERS          TRUMPETERS           PRIVATES          
25 Years 1 .. . 3
20 Years 1 . 1 2 15
15 Years 7 2 . 1 17
10 Years10 32 1 36
9 Years 1 3 . . 18
8 Years .. . .2
7 Years 1 4 1 .13
6 Years 2 3 . . 20
5 Years 1 1 . . 16
4 Years . 1 . 116
3 Years . 2 1 2 27
2 Years 1 . 1 . 40
1 Years . . . . 22
Under 1 Year. . . . 37
Totals25 19 6 7 302


TERMS OF SERVICE YET UNEXPIRED   SERGEANTS      CORPORALS      FARRIERS      TRUMPETERS      PRIVATES     
Unlimited22 154 4 133
10-12 Years . . 1 . 103
9 Years 1 2 1 2 29
8 Years. 1. 1 16
7 Years 1 1 . . 16
6 Years 1. . .5
5 Years . . . ..
4 Years . . . . .
3 Years . . . . .
2 Years . . . ..
1 Years . . . . .
Under 1 Year. . . . .
Totals25 19 6 7 302


HEIGHT                            SERGEANTS            CORPORALS            FARRIERS            TRUMPETERS            PRIVATES           
6'0" & Above. .1 1 4
5'11" 6 . 1 . 6
5'10" 4 3 . . 16
5'9"8 21 . 50
5'8" 4 81 2 83
5'7" 36 2 .113
5'6" . . . 226
5'5" . . . . .
Under 5'5" . . . 2 1
Lads . . . .3
Totals25 19 6 7 302


AGE                                  SERGEANTS            CORPORALS            FARRIERS            TRUMPETERS            PRIVATES           
45+ Years . .. . 4
40 Years 4 . 1 1 11
35 Years 6 2 . 1 45
30 Years9 11 1 34
25 Years 6 102 . 57
20 Years .6 2 3116
15 Years . . . 135
Totals25 19 6 7 302


AGE OF HORSES                    NUMBER OF EACH AGE            HEIGHT OF HORSES            NUMBER OF EACH SIZE           
15 Years 8 16 Hands 12
14 Years 10 15 Hands 114
13 Years 23 15 Hands 134
12 Years16 14 Hands 4
11 Years 6 14 Hands .
10 Years 15 Total 264
9 Years 35
8 Years 38
7 Years31
6 Years 18
5 Years 24
4 Years 27
3 Years 13
Total264


EFFECTIVENESS, COMPLEMENTS & EDUCATION                                                                NUMBER                                            
Men proposed to be Discharged 15
Horses proposed to be Cast 9
Men tried by Court Martial since last Inspection 22
Number of Women Legally Married 61
Number of Male Children younger than 10 years old 43
Number of Male Children older than 10 years old 5
Number of Female Children younger than 10 years old 40
Number of Female Children older than 10 years old 3
Total Children 91
Number of Scholars attending Regimental School [Male Children] 22
Number of Scholars attending Regimental School [Female Children] 17
Number of Scholars attending Regimental School [Adults] 33
Total attending Regimental School 72


EFFECTIVENESS - HORSES                                                                                                           NUMBER                                            
Horses present under arms 185
Horses at Brighton 74
Horses sick in Hospital 5
Wanting to complete Establishment7
Total Establishment 271
Total Horses effective at last Inspection 268
Increase - Remounts 36
Increase - Transfers received .
Decrease - Died 2
Decrease - Cast 22
Decrease - Transfers given 16
Total Horses at this Inspection 264


EFFECTIVENESS - MEN                     SERGEANTS              TRUMPETERS              FARRIERS              RANK & FILE             
Total Men effective at last Inspection 25 76 324
Increase - Recruits . . . 25
Increase - Transfers received . . . 7
Increase - Deserters rejoined . .. 1
Total Increase . . . 33
Decrease - Deceased . .. 2
Decrease - Discharged . .. 28
Decrease - Deserted . . . 4
Decrease - Transferred . . . 2
Total Decease . . . 36
Total Men effective at present Inspection 25 7 6 321


NUMBER OF EACH RELIGIOUS PERSUASION               SERGEANTS               TRUMPETERS              RANK & FILE             
Protestant Episcopalians 25 7274
Protestant Presbyterians . . 8
Roman Catholics . .45


RETURN OF ARMS & AMMUNITION         SERVICEABLE     REPARABLE     UNSERVICEABLE    WANTING    TOTALS   
Carbines 340 . .. 340
Steel Ramrods 340.. . 340
Pistols 14.. . 14
Sabres & Swords 360.. . 360
Steel Scabbards 360 .. . 360
Trumpets 7 .. . 7
Rounds of Ball Cartridges 1100 .. . 1100
Rounds of Blank Cartridges 2000 .. . 2000
Percussion Caps 3600 .. . 3600


APPOINTMENTS, ACCOUTREMENTS, HORSE FURNITURE, CLOTHING &c   SERGEANTS TRUMPETERS RANK & FILE
Cloaks 25 7 228
Sword Belts 25 ..
Sets of Accoutrements, Complete 25 7 328
Saddles, Complete 25 7 239
Bridles, Complete 25 7 239
Coats or Upper Jackets delivered in present year 25 7 328
Waistcoats or Under Jackets delivered in present year 25 7 328
Trowsers delivered in present year 25 7 .
Total Coats or Upper Jackets 25 7 328
Total Waistcoats or Under Jackets 25 7 328
Total Trowsers 25 7 .
Bibles and Testaments . . 67
Ditto, Donay Version . . 20
Books of Common Prayer . . .
Books of Instruction for NCOs . . 19


COMMISSIONED OFFICERS              COLONEL      LT. COLONEL      MAJOR     CAPTAINS     LIEUTENANTS     CORNETS    
Present under Arms . 1 . 2 4 4
On Duty ... . . .
Sick in Quarters ... . . .
Sick in Hospital ... . . .
Absent with Leave 1 .. 2 . 1
Absent without Leave. .. . . .
Recruiting . .. . . .
Prisoners . .. . . .
At Brighton &c . .1 22 .
At Riding Establishment. .. . . .
At Invalid Depot . .. . . .
Total Effective 1 11 66 5
Wanting to Complete . .. . . 1
Establishment 1 11 66 6


STAFF OFFICERS       PAYMASTER   ADJUTANT   QUARTERMASTER   SURGEON    ASST. SURGEON   VET. SURGEON  
Present under Arms 1 1 1 . 1 1
On Duty ... . . .
Sick in Quarters ... . . .
Sick in Hospital ... . . .
Absent with Leave . .. 1 . .
Absent without Leave. .. . . .
Recruiting . .. . . .
Prisoners . .. . . .
At Brighton &c . .. .. .
At Riding Establishment. .. . . .
At Invalid Depot . .. . . .
Total Effective 1 11 11 1
Wanting to Complete . .. . . .
Establishment 1 11 11 1


NCOs AND MEN                            SERGEANTS           TRUMPETERS           FARRIERS           CORPORALS           PRIVATES          
Present under Arms 18 6 4 10 197
On Duty 2. . 1 8
Sick in Quarters .. 1 . 2
Sick in Hospital .. . 2 15
Absent with Leave .. . . .
Absent without Leave .. . . 1
Recruiting .. . . .
Prisoners .. . . 4
At Brighton &c 51 16 75
At Riding Establishment.. . . .
At Invalid Depot . . . . .
Total Effective 257 619 302
Wanting to Complete .. . . 2
Less Supernumeraries .. .1 .
Establishment 257 618 304


NAME OF OFFICER     RANK           COUNTRY     AGE     FIRST COMMISSION    
IN THE SERVICE           
PRESENT      
OR ABSENT  
*REMARKS                                   
SCOVELL, Sir G.Lt. Genl.English.5 April 1798Absent General Leave
PAGET, Lord GeorgeLt. Col.English35 25 July 1834Present.
HALKETT, J.T.D.Major English 37 23 January 1835 . .
LOW, Alexr.Captain Scotch 36 2 October 1835Present.
BROWN, G.J.Captain Irish 33 17 April 1840 Present.
PORTAL, Robt.CaptainEnglish33 17 April 1840Present.
MOLYNEUX, C.B.Captain Scotch 27 20 September 1844AbsentA.D.C. to Ld. Lt. of Ireland, Dublin
HUTTON, Thos. CaptainEnglish 32 21 January 1839Present.
PEARETH, Wm.Captain English . 21 August 1849 Present.
WARDE R.M., J.H.T.Lieut.English4321 January 1833Present.
ADLINGTON, H.S.Lieut.English26 11 February 1848Present.
SPARKS, H.A. Lieut. English 27 29 December 1846Present.
JOLLIFFE, H.H.Lieut.English248 December 1848AbsentOn Leave from 5 Septr. to 30 Septr.
MARSHALL, J.B.Lieut. English 2319 October 1849Present.
KEITH, C.J. Lieut. Scotch . 15 February 1850 AbsentOn Leave from 12 Septr. to 30 Septr.
MARTIN, F.W. Cornet English 21 12 April 1850Present.
BROWNE, C.A.G.Cornet English 21 15 December 1850Present.
KING, W.A. Cornet English 22 11 July 1851Present.
HUNT, G.W. Cornet English 20 11 July 1851Present.
FIRMAN, H.B. Cornet Scotch 19 14 May 1852 Present .
GORE BOOTH, R.M.Cornet Irish . 9 July 1852Present.
GEORGE, G.T.Paymaster English 39 6 September 1833Present.
ELLIS, Geo. Adjt. English 47 5 May 1848Present.
HUNTER, Thos. Surgeon Scotch 43 18 April 1834Absent On Leave from 5 Septr. to 17 Octr.
MASSY, H.H.Asst. SurgeonIrish 3322 November 1844Present.
BYRNE, Jno.Vet. SurgeonIrish 39 14 December 1838Present.
HILL, Jno.QuartermasterEnglish46 22 June 1849Present.

*Against the Names of the Officers Absent is to be stated the Duty on which they are employed; - or On Leave; - and from what period they have been Absent.


NAME                              RANK             WHEN PLACED ON LIST TO PURCHASE OR OBTAIN
FREE DISCHARGE SINCE LAST INSPECTION    
DATE DISCHARGE
WAS OBTAINED    
AMOUNT PAID    
CHETLAND, William Private 3 July 1852 16 August 1852 30
WARD, R.A. Corporal 22 August 1852 1 October 1852 30
CARTER, C.J. Private 24 January 1853 14 February 1853 30
FIELD, Jos. Sergeant 29 February 1853 21 March 1853 10
HENSON, T./J. Private 26 January 1853 12 March 1853 30
BELFRAGE, H.M.L. Private 1 February 1853 29 April 1853 10
HORNEMAN, J.[S.]E. Private 8 April 185330 April 1853 30
PARKER, Wm Private 18 March 1853 29 April 1853 Free
SPARLING, M. Private 8 August 1853 6 September 1853 20
BARTRAM, J. Private 21 July 1853 10 September 1853 20
STEAVENS, J. Private 21 July 1853 10 September 1853 30

Signed:
George, M.Genl.
Geo. Paget, Lt. Colonel
Canterbury Bks 1 September 1853




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